Stewart. Bayley, B.R. Fahnenstiel, G.L., T.B. This map layer is a compilation of reports of confirmed zebra mussel sightings in the United States from 1988 to January 2008. Scheffer, M., S.H. Strayer, and S.E.G. Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks. The vast majority of veliger mortality (99%) occurs at this stage due to settlement onto unsuitable substrates. The good, the bad, and the algae: perceiving ecosystem services and disservices generated by zebra and quagga mussels. Landrum. 2009. A release of larval mussels during the ballast exchange of a single commercial cargo ship traveling from the north shore of the Black Sea to the Great Lakes has been deduced as the likely vector of introduction to North America (McMahon 1996). Lesht, C.M. Journal of Great Lakes Research 21:465-475. Lovell, S.J., S.F. Dietz. 2010. Bunnell, D.B., C.P. Whitledge GW, M.M. 2006. The first Texas infestation was found in Lake Texoma in 2009. Indeed, the distribution of Dreissenid mussels is severely limited in the central basin of Lake Erie, which routinely experiences bottom hypoxia (Karatayev et al. Short term tolerance of temperatures up to 35°C is possible if the mussels were previously acclimated to high temperatures. 1997. Parker, K.G. Mackey, S. – Habitat Solutions NA, Chicago, IL. The economic impacts of aquatic invasive species: a review of the literature. OLR research report. Cumulative. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 48:2051-2060. Coon, and T.R. Large zebra mussels (20-25 mm in length) displayed a higher clearance rate across all concentrations of C. reinhardtii than did small mussels (10-15 mm). Sprecher, S.L., and K.D. Thirty years of studies of Dreissena polymorpha in Mazurian Lakes of northeastern Poland, pp. Stanczykowska, A., and K. Lewandowski. They arrived into the Great Lakes in 1988 in the ballast water of ships. Rude, A.J. PCB concentrations in walleyes and their prey from the Saginaw River, Lake Huron: a comparison between 1990 and 2007. Oxygen demands are similar to those of other freshwater bivalves including unionids. The shell's flattened bottom allows the zebra mussel to stand up straight on a flat surface. Impacts of Dreissena invasions on benthic macroinvertebrate communities: a meta-analysis. ), Zebra mussels: biology impacts and control, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL. 1997. 2017. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. Molloy, D.P. Extirpation of freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae) following the invasion of dreissenid mussels in an interconnecting river of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas) Appearance. Optimal calcium concentrations ranges from 40–55 mg Ca2+/l, but North American populations have been found in lakes with lower concentrations. http://ohioseagrant.osu.edu/ _documents/publications/FS/FS-045%20Zebra%20mussels%20in%20North%20America.pdf. At a 90% efficiency rate, zebra mussels are much more efficient at filtering such small particles than are unionids and Asiatic clams (Noordhuis et al. After the discovery of zebra mussels in 1988, the exponential rate of scientific output on invasions itself increased (Raikow, unpubl. True fecal pellets are chemically altered, larger, and denser. Overland dispersal is also a possibility for aiding zebra mussel range expansion. The prominent dark and light banding pattern on the shell is the most obvious characteristic. North American populations generally tolerate salinity up to 4 ‰. Nalepa, D.W. Schlosser (Eds. Warren, D.M. Map of Known North Dakota Infestations. MacIsaac, H.J., W.G. Zebra mussels typically live for two to three years. Zebra mussel effects on benthic invertebrates: physical or biotic? Clearance and processing of algal particles by zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha). 2012; Karateyev et al. O’Neill, Jr., C.R. Maryland Sea Grant. Influence of chemical composition of the water on the mollusk Dreissena polymorpha, pp. Changes in planktonic diatoms and water transparency in Hatchery Bay, Bass Island Area, Western Lake Erie since the establishment of the zebra mussel. Schmidt, S. and C. McLane. Cruikshank, E.J. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36(2):248-255. 2017. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. Raikow, D.F. Migrating blue catfish (. Most work on the subject was terrestrial. Gill structure in zebra mussels: bacterial-sized particle filtration. Hnath. Journal of Great Lakes Research 37:9-17. Zebra mussels are native to the Black and Caspian Sea in Europe. Hysmith, B. Bykova, O., A. Laursen, V. Bostan, J. Bautista, and L. McCarthy. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. Sea Grant: Coastal Resources Fact Sheet. 3-33 in Nalepa, T.F., and D.W. Schloesser (eds. French III. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:20-29. Cavaletto, and J.R. Beaver. Nalepa, and G.L. 1995. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. Hart, R.A., A.C. Miller, and M. Davis. Experimental measurements of zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) impacts on phytoplankton community composition. Freshwater Biology 43:85-97. Riseng, G.J. Berg. Johnson L.E., and Carlton J.T. Tomlison, S.N. Bastviken, D.T.E., N.F. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19:617-624. Higgins, S.Y. Biological Invasions 15:1195-1200. It has a small triangular shell with a sharply pointed umbo (hinge end). Taylor, M.N. Mastitsky, S.E., A.Y. Lonnee, and J.H. Established in all the Great Lakes, all of the large navigable rivers in the eastern United States, and in many small lakes in the Great Lakes region. Zebra mussel invasion in a large, turbid river: phytoplankton response to increased grazing. A survey by the corps in the East Channel of the Mississippi River at Prairie du Chien revealed a substantial reduction in the diversity and density of native mussels due to zebra mussel infestations. Howell, and H.A. 1996. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58:1208-1221. Optimal temperature for larval development is 20–22°C. Zebra mussels represent one of the most important biological invasions into North America, having profoundly affected the science of invasion biology along with public perception and policy. Numerous programs and projects address invasive mussels throughout North America. Fahnenstiel, G., S. Pothoven, H. Vanderploeg, D. Klarer, T. Nalepa, and D. Scavia. Potentially Infested Rivers. 2008. Accessed 6 June 2012. 1992). Impacts of the introduced round goby (Apollonia melanostoma) on Dreissenids (Dreissena polymorpha and Dreissena bugensis) and on macroinvertebrate community between 2003 and 2006 in the littoral zone of Green Bay, Lake Michigan. Schindler, and M.P. 2004. As of 2011, the following states had reported zebra mussels within, or in waters adjacent to, their borders: Alabama, Ark… 2002. 4, Limnologie Aktuell, Gustav Fischer Verlag, New York, pp. † Populations may not be currently present. Pseudofeces production increases with increasing suspended solid concentration, as well as increasing temperature, albeit to a much lesser extent (MacIsaac and Rocha 1995, Noordhuis et al. 2011. Ebener, L.C. They also respond to the presence of predators by using byssal threads to attach more strongly to the substrate, forming aggregations, and reducing their upward movement (Kobak 2013). 1996. Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) control handbook for facility operators, First Edition. Our Map Explorer tool provides more information about both ongoing and completed programs and is updated periodically to reflect new research. Its rapid dispersal throughout the Great Lakes and major river systems was due to the passive drifting of the larval stage (the free-floating or "pelagic" veliger), and its ability to attach to boats navigating these lakes and rivers (see Remarks section below). Larval development is inhibited at pH of 7.4. Accessed 26 July 2012. Kovalak, G.D. Longton, and R.D. Filtering impacts of larval and sessile zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) in Western Lake Erie. Hopkins. Beaty, D.R. Although similar in appearance to the quagga mussel (. Dietz. They are commonly found in freshwater lakes and streams in the Great Lakes and Midwestern part of the United States. ), Zebra mussels: biology impacts and control, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL. Leach, and W.P. USGS is leading efforts in risk prediction and forecasting, early detection, enhanced situational awareness, and consequence management for biological threats. Resource switching in fish following a major food web disruption. Under natural thermal regimes, zebra mussel oogenesis occurs in autumn, with eggs developing until release and fertilization in spring. Fischer. Journal of Great Lakes Research 34(4):690-697. Effects of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha Pallas) on protozoa and the phytoplankton from Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. The zebra mussel usually grows to less than one inch in length. 2008. Vinogradov, G.A., N.F. Lesht, T.F. Discrepancy exists when comparing temperature tolerance limits of North American and European populations, potentially due to the American population being founded by mussels from the southern limit of the European population's range. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:267-276. The other life: an account of present knowledge of the larval phase of Dreissena polymorpha, pp. Strayer, M.L. Freshwater Biology 62:664–680. The potential of using biological control technologies in the management of Dreissena. 1995. The zebra mussel is a small shellfish named for the striped pattern of its shell. Snyder, F.L., M.B. 2015). The initial invasive range of zebra mussels in the Great Lakes has decreased due to displacement by the congeneric quagga mussel. Brown, E. – Colorado Invasive Species Coordinator, Colorado Parks and Wildlife, Denver, Colorado. They d ocument what has been done to prevent the spread of zebra mussels and current status within the Riverway. Idrisi, N., E.L. Mills, L.G. Citizen monitoring: Testing hypotheses about the interactive influences of eutrophication and mussel invasion on a cyanobacterial toxin in lakes. Long-term stability of substrate affects population density and age distributions on those substrates. McKenna, J.E., M. Chalupnicki, D. Dittman, and J.M. Canadian Journal of Zoology 75:1857-1866. Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 35(1):195-208. Rapid warming of shallow lakes has been hypothesized to detrimentally affect reproductive rates in Danish populations (Smit et al. Zajicek, J. Rinchard, C.A. Jude, D.J., R. Rediske, J. O’Keefe, S. Hensler, and J.P. Giesy. 2010. 2000. Beggel, S., Cerwenka, A.F., Brandner, J., Geist, J., 2015. Noordhuis, R., H. Reeders, and A. Bij de Vaate. The exotic zebra mussel. Environmental conditions increase growth rates and mortality of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) along the southern invasion front in North America. Yung, L.R. Milano, V. – Colorado Division of Wildlife, Brush, Colorado. Skubinna, J.P., T.G. How the feeding ecology of native and exotic mussels affects freshwater ecosystems, Doctoral Dissertation, Michigan State University. University of California, Davis. Holland, R.E. Clearance of laboratory-cultured bacteria by freshwater bivalves: differences between lentic and lotic unionids. Swimming and Settlement Behavior in the Quagga Mussel. Kurandina, and F. Laruelle. Where have zebra mussels been found in Kansas? Hydrobiologia 746:97–112. North American populations require 10 mg Ca2+/l to initiate shell growth and 25 mg Ca2+/l to maintain shell growth. Eggs are expelled by the females and fertilized outside the body by the males; this process usually occurs in the spring or summer, depending on water temperature. These populations of small individuals allow higher densities on plants. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 63:872-890. 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